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n°16 - Brokering Teacher Training in Vietnam’s Early Childhood and Vocational Education Sectors

A Story of Educational Expansion and Para-State Entrepreneurship in the Đổi mới Economy

Note de l'IRASECAnne Raffin
IRASEC, Bangkok
décembre 2014, 18 p.
English Language English text

Les Notes de l’IRASEC n°16 - IRASEC’s Discussion Papers #16

In the wake of the economic reforms of Vietnam’s Đổi mới, or ‘renovation’, in 1986, the country has intensified its integration into the global economy in recent decades. Vietnam’s educational system has likewise undergone a rapid transformation in response to and contributing to such integration. The country has been praised for its committed effort to advance access to primary education to all, and the enrolment of students in upper secondary and higher education for those born after 1980 has witnessed a sharp increase.

The purpose of this paper is two-fold. Firstly, it traces how it became seen as necessary to develop these educational sectors within Vietnam’s increasingly competitive and outward-looking economy. Secondly, it recounts an example of such ad hoc operations by examining the motives and opportunity by which a Vietnamese company has made successful bids on government contracts to organize training for preschool teachers and vocational teachers.


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Discussion Paper #16